Reasoning Syllabus Chapters –

Verbal Reasoning

Non-Verbal Reasoning

Analytical Reasoning

FAQs

# Verbal Reasoning :

## Reasoning Syllabus / Reasoning Ability Syllabus for All Competitive Exams

The Reasoning Syllabus can be divided into three major parts :

### Verbal Reasoning :

Verbal Reasoning is understanding concepts framed in words and sentences. Verbal reasoning aims at evaluating the candidate’s logical ability or the ability to think constructively. Verbal reasoning help to evaluate a candidate’s ability to think, reason, and to solve problems in different ways.

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Verbal Reasoning Chapters –

### Analogy | Reasoning Syllabus :

Analogy basically means  “resemblance of one object to another in certain aspects.” The aim of analogy is to test the candidate’s ability to discover the relationship between the question pair and then to find the required pair of words which is most similar to the relationship.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows –

• Analogous Pair Completion
• Analogous Pair Selection
• Direct or Simple Analogy
• Double Analogy
• Similar Word Selection
• Analogy Detection
• Multiple Word Analogy
• Letter Based Analogy
• Number Based Analogy

### Classification | Reasoning Syllabus :

Classification is the process of grouping various objects on the basis o their common properties like shape, size, category, colour, trait, etc. and finding the odd object from the group.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows –

• Choosing the Odd Word
• Choosing the Odd Pair of Words
• Choosing the Odd Letter / Group
• Choosing the Odd Number / Pair / Group

### Logical Alphabet and Number Sequence Test | Reasoning Syllabus :

Logical Alphabet and Number sequence Test are based on the arrangement of English Letters / Numbers in a certain defined pattern. These tests are also based on the formation of new numbers/words and finding letter pairs and numbers between two specific letters and numbers.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows –

• Alphabet Test
• Letters Pair Problem
• Word Formation and Letter Rearrangement
• Rule Detection
• Finding Digits after Rearrangement
• Letter and Number Sequence Test

### Coding-Decoding | Reasoning Syllabus :

Coding-Decoding is process of transmitting an information from on place to other using some suitable codes, so that it might reach to other person safely. Coding-decoding of an information is done with various rules of patterns so that only the right person can decipher it.

Types of Questions covered in this chapter are as follows –

• Coding Based on Rearrangement of Letters
• Coding Based on Replacement of Letters
• Opposite Letters Coding
• Coding of Letters by Their Left and Right Letters
• Number Coding
• Symbol Coding Based on Similarity
• Coding by Substitution / Word Replacement
• Factitious Language Coding
• Coding by Comparison
• Conditional COding
• Matrix Coding

### Series | Reasoning Syllabus :

Series is a sequential order of letters, numbers or both arranged such a way that each term in the series is obtained according to some specific rules. These rules can be based on mathematical operation, place of letters in alphabetical order etc.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Number Series
• Letter Series
• Alpha-Numeric Series
• Continuous Pattern Series

### Logical Arrangement of Words | Reasoning Syllabus :

Logical Arrangement is the meaningful arrangement of words in accordance with the natural laws and universally accepted concepts.

Types of questions are covered in this chapter are as follows –

• Sequence of Occurrence of Events or Various Stages in a Process
• Sequence of Objects in a Class or Group
• Sequence in Ascending or Descending Order
• Sequential Order of Words According to Dictionary

### Inserting the Missing Character | Reasoning Syllabus :

Inserting the Missing Character is filling-up of the empty (missing) spaces in letter and number puzzles given in pictorial forms.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Number Puzzles
• Letter Puzzles
• Alpha-Numeric Puzzles

### Ranking and Time Sequence Test | Reasoning Syllabus :

This chapter broadly deals with the problems related to the arrangement of persons/objects in ascending/descending order (based on different parameters like height, weight, merit, position etc.) determining the position of a person / object in a row / queue and the problems related to the time sequence test wherein the candidate has to find out the particular day based on some given conditions.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Sequential Order of Arrangement
• Position Test
• Time Sequence Test

### Mathematical Operation | Reasoning Syllabus :

Mathematical operation can be defined as the simplification of expressions containing numbers and different mathematical signs.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Symbol Substitution
• Balancing the Equation
• Interchange of Signs and Numbers
• Track Based Mathematical Operations
• Find the Resultant Number in a Row
• Simple Inequalities
• COded Inequalities

### Venn Diagram | Reasoning Syllabus :

A Venn Diagram is a representation method of all possible relationships that can exist between a given group of elements in a single figure.

Types of Questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Identification of Relation Based Venn Diagram
• Analysis Based Venn Diagram

### Blood Relations | Reasoning Syllabus :

Blood relation between two individuals is defined as a relation between them by the virtue of their birth rather than by their marriage or any other reasons.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Blood Relation Based on Conversation
• Blood Relation Based on Puzzles
• Symbolically COded Blood Relationship

### Clocks | Reasoning Syllabus :

A clock is an instrument used for indicating and maintaining the time. It is an electronic device that presents the duration of hour, minute and second.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Angle Between the Hands of Clock
• Position of Hands of Clock
• Faulty Clocks
• Time Gained or Lost by Clock

### Calendar | Reasoning Syllabus :

A calendar is a systematic arrangement of day, week and month in a defined pattern with which we can easily recognise the required date, month or week of a particular day.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Finding the Day on a Particular Date When Reference Day is Given
• Finding the Day on a Particular Date When Reference Day is Not Given
• Finding a Week Day on the Basis of Another Week Day

### Calendar | Reasoning Syllabus :

A calendar is a systematic arrangement of day, week and month in a defined pattern with which we can easily recognise the required date, month or week of a particular day.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Finding the Day on a Particular Date When Reference Day is Given
• Finding the Day on a Particular Date When Reference Day is Not Given
• Finding a Week Day on the Basis of Another Week Day

### Direction and Distance | Reasoning Syllabus :

Direction is a measurement of the position of one thing with respect to another thing or a reference point. Distance Between two pints is a measurement of the shortest distance, i.e., the displacement between the two points.

The shortest distance between two points may be different from the total distance covered in going from one point to the other.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows –

• Finding the Direction Only
• Finding the Distance Only
• Finding both the Distance and Direction

### Sitting Arrangement | Reasoning Syllabus for Competitive Exams :

Questions based on ‘Sitting Arrangement’ involved arranging the persons/objects according to the conditions given in the quesion.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Linear Arrangement
• Circular Arrangement
• Polygonal Arrangement

### Situation Reaction Test | Reasoning Syllabus :

Situation Reaction Test is designed to test the reasoning power of the candidate. This test is mainly done to judge the candidate’s ability to use his presence of min and to act correctly and promptly to a given situation that may arise any time in life.

In these questions, a situation related to the day- to – day life is given along with four alternatives which give various probable reactions to these situations. The candidate is required to find out the most appropriate reaction to these situations. For solving these questions, first of all, try to analyse the demand of the situation. Depending upon the need, try to analyse the pros and cons of each alternative and then choose that alternative that solves the problem and the purpose without any negative effect. ## Reasoning | Verbal Reasoning

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### Decision Making | Reasoning Syllabus :

Decision-making is a process in which a final outcome is derived by evaluating and analysing the given information.

Types of Questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Eligibility Test
• Passage Based Decision Making

### Input-Output | Reasoning Syllabus :

Input-Output is a process of rearrangement of data or sequence or message consisting of words or numbers or both based on some rule.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Problems Based on Shifting
• Problems Based on Arrangements
•  Problems Based on Mathematical Operation
• Miscellaneous Problems

### Puzzles | Reasoning Syllabus :

Puzzles are raw information given for a sequence or an order of things which needs to be arranged systematically so that the sequence or order of things to correctly depicted.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Analytical Puzzles
• Puzzles Based on Conditioning, Grouping and Team Formation
• Puzzles Based on Sequential Order of Events
• Complex Family Puzzles

### Data Sufficiency | Reasoning Syllabus :

Data Sufficiency is to check and test the given set of information, whether it is enough to answer a question or not. This test is designed to test candidate’s ability to relate given information to reach to a conclusion. Moreover, test has wider attributes to test about the candidate. One hand it may have problems from any of the topics of reasoning or quantitative aptitude and on the other hand, it can test a candidate’s analytical ability.

### Data Sufficiency | Reasoning Syllabus :

Data Sufficiency is to check and test the given set of information, whether it is enough to answer a question or not. This test is designed to test candidate’s ability to relate given information to reach to a conclusion. Moreover, test has wider attributes to test about the candidate. One hand it may have problems from any of the topics of reasoning or quantitative aptitude and on the other hand, it can test a candidate’s analytical ability.

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### Non-Verbal Reasoning :

Non-verbal reasoning is the ability to interpret visual information and recognise patterns and rules. Non-verbal reasoning tests assess a candidate’s intelligence and ability to apply reasoning and logic.

Non-Verbal Reasoning Chapters –

 Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus (Chapter-wise) Details Completion of Series Analogy Classification Counting of Figures completion of Figures Embedded Figures Cubes Dice Paper Folding Paper Cutting Formation of Figures Mirror Image Water Image Dot Situation Grouping Figures FIgure Matrix Square Completion

### Analytical Reasoning:

Chapters –

 Analytical Reasoning Chapter-wise Details Statement and Argument Statement and Assumptions Statement and Conclusions Course of Action Passage and Conclusion Assertion and Reason Couse and Effects Syllogism

### FAQs:

#### What is Reasoning Ability?

The reasoning is an integral, and inseparable part of almost all competitive exams in India. Reasoning Ability is included in competitive exams to evaluate the Logical Power/decision-making power of a candidate applied for.

#### What is Verbal Reasoning ?

Verbal Reasoning is understanding concepts framed in words and sentences.

#### What is Non-Verbal Reasoning?

Non-verbal reasoning is the ability to interpret visual information and recognise patterns and rules.

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