# Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus :

## Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus for All Competitive Exams

Non-verbal reasoning is the ability to interpret visual information and recognise patterns and rules. Non-verbal reasoning tests assess a candidate’s intelligence and ability to apply reasoning and logic.

Non-Verbal Reasoning Chapters –

 Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus (Chapter-wise) Details Completion of Series Analogy Classification Counting of Figures completion of Figures Embedded Figures Cubes Dice Paper Folding Paper Cutting Formation of Figures Mirror Image Water Image Dot Situation Grouping Figures FIgure Matrix Square Completion

### Completion of Series | Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus :

Series is described as a sequential arrangement of figures following a certain pattern of transition from one to another.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Choosing the Next Tern in the Series
• Choosing the Missing Figure in the Series
• Detection of Incorrect Order in the Series
• Detecting the Wrong Figure in the Series

### Analogy | Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus :

Analogy means similarity of relationship. If a pair of figures exhibits some kind of relationship on the basis of shape, size, rotation, interchange of elements, number of elements etc., and another pair of figures exhibits the same kind of relationship between the, then the two pairs are said to be analogous to each other.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Choosing One Element of a Similarly Related Pair
• Finding the Odd Pair of Figures
• Finding a pair of Similar Figures in Pattern to Original Pair
• Finding the Pair of Figures having Pattern other than the Original Paid
• Selecting the Correct Figure on the Basis of Analogous Figure
• Selecting the Correct Set of Figures to Establish Analogy

### Classification | Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus :

Classification is defined as ‘to assort the different items of a given group on the basis of certain common quality they possess and spot the odd man out.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Choosing the Odd Figure
• Choosing Figure with Same Characteristics

### Counting of Figures | Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus :

Counting of Figures can be explained as the realisation of simple geometrical plane figures from a complex figure. This section of non-verbal reasoning is designed to test the analytical ability of the candidate. The figures which are asked for counting can be a straight line, triangle, square, rectangle, polygon etc.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Counting of Straight Lines and Triangles
• Counting of Quadrilaterals and Polygons
• Counting of CIrcles and Colours

### Completion of Figures | Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus :

Completion of Figure is finding the missing part of a figure from the given options so that the option when put at the missing place completes the figure. Questions based on completion of figure are divided into two parts, question figure and answer figures.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Rotational Symmetry Through and Angle of 90 degree
• Diagonally Opposite Parts are Similar
• Adjacent Parts are Laterally/Vertically Inverted Images
• Based on Certain Design and Pattern

### Embedded Figures | Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus :

A figure is said to be embedded in another figure when the second figure completely contains the first figure. Question based on Embedded Figures comprise of a question figure and four answer figures and it is asked to find the correct answer figure embedded in given question figure or the correct answer figure in which the given question figure is embedded.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Question Figure Embedded in Answer Figure
• Answer Figure Embedded in Question Figure

### Cubes | Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus :

A cube is a three-dimensional solid object bounded by six square faces or surfaces. It can also be called as ‘regular hexahedron’.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Cutting of a Cube or Cuboid
• Counting of Blocks
• A Larger Cube/Cuboid is Painted and Cut ## Reasoning | Verbal Reasoning

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### Dice | Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus :

Dice are cubical or cuboidal shape objects containing numbers / figures / symbols / embedded on their surfaces.  Dice are used for gambling and Non-gambling purposes like craps, ludo etc.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Finding Digits/Dots/Letters/Colours on the Opposite Face of Any Particular Face
• Questions Related to Unfolded Dice

### Paper Folding | Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus :

Paper Folding is a process in which a piece of paper (with a certain embedded design Pattern) is folded along a certain dotted line and it is asked to select the correct folded Pattern.

Question based on ‘Paper Folding’ comprises of a question figure representing a transparent sheet and four answer figures. The transparent sheet contains some figural patterns and one/more dotted lines. These dotted lines indicate the axis (axes) along which the paper is folded. A candidate is to choose an option from the given set of options, which would resemble the design that appears on the transparent sheet after folding.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Finding Digits/Dots/Letters/Colours on the Opposite Face of Any Particular Face
• Questions Related to Unfolded Dice

### Paper Cutting | Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus :

Paper Cutting is a process in which a piece of paper (of any shape) is folded along a certain direction and then cuts are made into it.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Selecting unfolded Pattern of a Folded Punched Piece of Paper
• Selecting Folded and Punched Pattern Based on Unfolded Pattern

### Formation of Figures | Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus :

The process of formation of a defined geometrical figure with the use of pieces of different designs is known as the formation of figure.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Based on Arrangement of the Figures
• Based on Signs and Symbols
• Based on Formation of Triangle
• Square Formation Using a Set of Figures

### Mirror Image | Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus :

Mirror Image is the image or the reflection of an object into a mirror when that object is placed near it.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Based on Vertical Mirror
• Based on Horizontal Mirror
• Mirror Image of Letters and Numbers
• Mirror Image of Clocks

### Water Image | Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus :

Water Image is the reflection of an object into water. It is the vertically inverted image obtained by turning the object upside down. The water image of a figure looks like the mirror image of the figure when the mirror is placed horizontally at the bottom of the question figure.

In questions based on water image, the candidate is required to determine how the image of object would look like in water when  it is placed near a water source.

Types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows :

• Water Image of Figure/Symbol/Sign
• Water Image of Letters and Numbers

### Dot Situation | Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus :

Dot Situation relates to an activity in which we have to find a common characteristic between a dot placed in between some figure and an enclosed area by the same figures.

This chapter deals with the question in which a group of geometrical shapes with a dot is given and is asked to find from the given options, the one which is similar to the given group of geometrical shapes. Each of the four (or more) answer figures is composed of a cluster of the same type of geometrical shapes (that are given in the question figure) and the correct answer figure is the one that contains an area common to the shapes that have been marked by the dot in the question figure.

### Grouping of Figures | Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus :

Grouping of figures involves segregating a given set of figures into different groups on the basis of some common characteristics.

In this type of question, we are given a set of figures or geometrical shapes. We are required to analyse these figures and classify them into different groups based on one or more common characteristics, that the figures share with each other.

### Figure Matrix | Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus :

Representation of figures/elements following a certain rule or pattern, either row-wise or column-wise in a matrix form is known as Figure Matrix.

Question based on ‘Figure Matrix’ generally have either a 2 x 2 or a 3 x 3 matrix. Each cell of this matrix contains a figure and there is a common pattern running through each of the rows and columns. A candidate is required to analyse each of the sets to find out the common pattern and then identify the missing figure from the set of a given alternatives, so as to complete the given matrix.

### Square Completion | Non-Verbal Reasoning Syllabus :

Square Completion is based on the formation of a square by joining the piece given in the problem figure with an another piece given in one of the options.

In the question based on Square Completion, a problem figure which represents an incomplete square is gen, followed by four answer figures and only one out of these four answer figures is appropriate to make a complete square with the piece given in the problem figure. A candidate is required to find out the correct answer figure.

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### Verbal Reasoning :

Verbal Reasoning is understanding concepts framed in words and sentences. Verbal reasoning aims at evaluating the candidate’s logical ability or the ability to think constructively. Verbal reasoning help to evaluate a candidate’s ability to think, reason, and to solve problems in different ways..

Verbal Reasoning Chapters –

 Verbal Reasoning Syllabus (Chapters-wise) Details Analogy Classification Logical ALphabet and Number Sequence Test Coding- Decoding Series Logical Arrangement of Words Inserting the Missing Character Ranking and Time Sequence Test Mathematical Operation Venn Diagram Blood Relations Clocks Calender Direction and Distance Sitting Arrangement Situation Reaction Test Decision Making Input-Output Puzzles Data Sufficiency

### Analytical Reasoning:

Chapters –

 Analytical Reasoning Chapter-wise Details Statement and Argument Statement and Assumptions Statement and Conclusions Course of Action Passage and Conclusion Assertion and Reason Couse and Effects Syllogism

### FAQs:

#### What is Reasoning Ability?

The reasoning is an integral, and inseparable part of almost all competitive exams in India. Reasoning Ability is included in competitive exams to evaluate the Logical Power/decision-making power of a candidate applied for.

#### What is Verbal Reasoning ?

Verbal Reasoning is understanding concepts framed in words and sentences.

#### What is Non-Verbal Reasoning?

Non-verbal reasoning is the ability to interpret visual information and recognise patterns and rules.

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